The SCF probation pilot in Alabama finds low drug use.
New Mexico enacts SCF for probation and parole.
WADOC improving public safety by positively changing lives: Opportunity for supervision reform and reentry
Lessons learned and recommended policy changes in Swift and Certain supervision in Washington State.
Reductions in jail days are attributed to SCF incentives and sanctions besides jail time.
It remains to be seen whether the SCF components of Australia’s Compliance Management or Incarceration in the Territory (“COMMIT”) program in the Northern Territory are appropriate for the area.
Swiftness, certainty, and fairness in responding to crime has complex associations with levels of crime.
South Dakota’s 24/7 Sobriety reduced repeat DUI and domestic-violence arrests by 12 and 9 percent, respectively.
South Dakota’s 24/7 Sobriety holds lessons for SCF in reducing incarceration.
The Impact of the Sure and Swift Sanction Program and the Length of Stay in the Program on Reducing Recidivism in the Colorado Department of Corrections
An evaluation of SCF parole in Colorado finds mixed outcomes.
Argues that administrative SCF sanctions disparately impact minority probationers.
SCF will improve outcomes in probation and parole.
SCF supervision, in probation and parole, is set to expand statewide.
SCF for parolees with opioid use disorder is breaking down barriers to reentry.
A three-year trial of SCF principles includes more frequent connections with probation officers and judges.
States should use SCF with incentives for probationers and parolees
SCF statutes with incentives can help address supervision violations.
Responses to violations can be improved to include more community sanctions and less incarceration.
An imaginative and original thinker, Kleiman used SCF to describe the approach he believed would reform community supervision.
Swiftness of sanctioning is an important determinant of compliance, absent from most deterrence models.
SCF with incentives will be used to address probation and parole violations.
New York is trying to reduce returns to jail and prison on parole violations using SCF principles.
Perceived certainty of detection and sanction increases willingness to comply and is thus an important factor in deterrence.
Are Jail Sanctions More Punitive Than Community-Based Punishments? An Examination into the Perceived Severity of Alternative Sanctions in Community Supervision
Community-based punishments are not viewed as being substantially less punitive than jail incarceration.
Applying the HOPE probation strategy to pretrial supervision.
The California Prison and Parole Law Handbook. Chapter 11: Parole and Post-Release Community Supervision
Guidance on SCF in California parole.
Arguments for and against SCF sanctions in California probation.
Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Improving Incarceration Policies and Practices in Allegheny County (PA)
One county’s attempt at reducing incarceration and improving outcomes, including using SCF in probation.
Juvenile Risk Assessment: Assessing the Evaluability and Predictive Validity of the Youth Assessment and Screening Instrument for use among the North Dakota Juvenile Probation Population
Don’t assume replicability of programs without research (HOPE an example).
Probation and parole violations—often for technical offenses—are filling OK DOC, and it’s time to do something about it
Oklahoma eschews proposed bills aimed at probation and parole, including SCF.
Proposing sweeping reforms to parole and probation, including SCF sanctions.