States should use SCF with incentives for probationers and parolees
SCF statutes with incentives can help address supervision violations.
Responses to violations can be improved to include more community sanctions and less incarceration.
An imaginative and original thinker, Kleiman used SCF to describe the approach he believed would reform community supervision.
Swiftness of sanctioning is an important determinant of compliance, absent from most deterrence models.
SCF with incentives will be used to address probation and parole violations.
New York is trying to reduce returns to jail and prison on parole violations using SCF principles.
Perceived certainty of detection and sanction increases willingness to comply and is thus an important factor in deterrence.
Are Jail Sanctions More Punitive Than Community-Based Punishments? An Examination into the Perceived Severity of Alternative Sanctions in Community Supervision
Community-based punishments are not viewed as being substantially less punitive than jail incarceration.
Applying the HOPE probation strategy to pretrial supervision.
The California Prison and Parole Law Handbook. Chapter 11: Parole and Post-Release Community Supervision
Guidance on SCF in California parole.
Arguments for and against SCF sanctions in California probation.
Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Improving Incarceration Policies and Practices in Allegheny County (PA)
One county’s attempt at reducing incarceration and improving outcomes, including using SCF in probation.
Juvenile Risk Assessment: Assessing the Evaluability and Predictive Validity of the Youth Assessment and Screening Instrument for use among the North Dakota Juvenile Probation Population
Don’t assume replicability of programs without research (HOPE an example).
Probation and parole violations—often for technical offenses—are filling OK DOC, and it’s time to do something about it
Oklahoma eschews proposed bills aimed at probation and parole, including SCF.
Proposing sweeping reforms to parole and probation, including SCF sanctions.
Recommending SCF for alcohol-involved college students.
Encouraging an RCT for 24/7 Sobriety SCF program for alcohol offenders in the UK.
A look at South Dakota’s 24/7 Sobriety SCF program for alcohol offenders.
SCF in juvenile justice.
Effective Court Responses to Persons with Substance Use Disorder: Components of a Model Curriculum for Evidence-based Judicial Decision Making
Considering SCF sanctions and rewards targeted to a person’s ability to comply.
Assessing the Use and Impact of Points and Rewards across Four Federal Probation Districts: A Contingency Management Approach
Discussing the value of SCF incentives in probation.
Reevaluating an SCF probation experiment.
Responding to Substance-Use-Related Probation and Parole Violations: Are Enhanced Treatment Sanctions Preferable to Jail Sanctions?
Examining the evidence in SCF programs.
The concept of “certainty” may require understanding not yet attained by adolescents.
Considers what constitutes successful deterrent punishment.
Set Up to Fail? Examining Australia’s Approach to Parole Compliance Through a Therapeutic Jurisprudence Lens
Fairness in SCF as a form of treatment.
Examining the possible motivations of sentencing and second chances.
Developing policy with the belief that criminal behavior is like any other human behavior.
Alternative sanctions to avoid the life disruption that comes with incarceration.